Tangshan Luannan County, a famous Anti-Japanese War city

2022-05-01 0 By

Luanan County is located in the southeast of Tangshan city, adjacent to the Bohai Sea in the south, Beijing and Tianjin in the west.As an old revolutionary base area, the people of Luanan have always stood at the forefront of all the revolutionary struggles and made important contributions to the victory of the Chinese revolution.Luannan county covers an area of 1270 square kilometers and has a continental coastline of 75 kilometers, accounting for 38% of the continental coastline of Tangshan city. Caofeidian Port under construction and Nanpu oil field with huge reserves are located in the southern waters of Luannan.It borders leting, Changli, Luanxian, Guye, Fengnan, Tanghai and other counties, and is 40 kilometers away from Jingtang Port in the southeast, 120 kilometers away from Qinhuangdao in the northeast, 40 kilometers away from Tangshan in the west, 180 kilometers away from Tianjin in the southwest, 246 kilometers away from Beijing in the northwest. It is located in the bohai Sea and the integration zone around Beijing and Tianjin, with obvious geographical advantages.The total population of the county is 582,800, including 497,200 agricultural population and 85,600 non-agricultural population.The county 倴 city is one of the four famous towns of Jingdong, with a permanent population of more than 100,000.The county has jurisdiction over 17 towns, 1 sub-district office, a total of 594 administrative villages and 15 neighborhood committees.The territory is rich in oil and iron ore resources, oil concentrated in liuzan, Nanpu, Baigezhuang and other three coastal towns, the newly discovered Nanpu oil field is located in the southern sea.The underground iron ore reserves are rich, mainly concentrated in Macheng, Changning, Chengzhuang and other towns. The proved underground iron ore reserves are more than 1.3 billion tons, and the prospective reserves are 2 billion tons. The ore grade is high, and it is of great mining value.Abundant water resources, there are luanhe river, Xiaoqinglong River, Shuanglong River, North river, Xiaoqing River, Suhe River, Yuejia River, Mangniu River and other major channels such as Baigezhuang main channel, Luanlegan channel, the first spillway, with a total length of 202.4 kilometers.The average amount of available water resources in the county is 230 million cubic meters, 400 cubic meters per capita.Luannan county is a traditional agricultural county, with 1.09 million mu of cultivated land. It is divided into four major agricultural production areas: northwest sand area, east soil area, central rice area and south fishing area. Luannan county is a national grain production advanced county.Mainly rice, corn, wheat, peanuts, melons and fruits, vegetables and other agricultural crops, is an important supply base of agricultural products in Beijing and Tianjin.The shallow beach is 640,000 mu, and the offshore waters are rich in resources, the most famous of which are prawns, shellfish, jellyfish and salt.It is the birthplace of pingju, shadow play, Leting Dagu and other traditional cultures, and has produced master artists such as Cheng Zhaocai, the founder of Pingju, Jin Wenran, the famous performing artist of Leting Dagu, and Zhang Shengwu, the “king of shadow play”. It is the National Cultural Advanced County, the Hometown of Pingju and the Hometown of Quyi in Hebei Province.In 2006, Pingju was listed in the first batch of national intangible cultural Heritage protection list by Luannan.In October 1928, Li Yunchang and others established the Luanle Central County Committee of the Communist Party of China in Xuegezhuangying Village, Changning Town, to lead the movement of workers and peasants in Luanxian county and Leting area.In August 1933, luannan County’s first party branch – Gedai Tuo branch was established, the winter of the same year the formation of Shagouzi branch.In 1934, Li Yunchang presided over the establishment of the Jidong National Salvation Association in Shagouzi Village, then changning, 倴 city, Hugezhuang, Sigezhuang and other places have been established “national salvation branch”, the membership has grown to more than a thousand people.In August 1935, the first guerrillas under the leadership of the party in the south of the road – south guerrilla team was born, by the Luanhe South Communist Gao Xiaoan as captain, team activities in Zengjiawan, Sigezhuang, Baigezhuang to the coastal area.On December 13, 1937, the Hebei Rebian Special Committee and the Jingdong Special Committee of the COMMUNIST Party of China held a meeting of the anti-japanese representatives of the ten counties in Eastern Hebei province in Yutun, Luannan County, and officially announced the establishment of the Eastern Hebei Branch of the North China People’s Self-defense Committee, with Li Yunchang as the director of the branch, and preparations for the anti-japanese uprising began in an all-round way.July 9, 1938, luanan area anti – Japanese uprising began.On July 21, Chen Yuhuan and Chao Zifu led 3,000 troops to besiege 倴 city, an important town in lunan.After an hour of negotiations, chamber of Commerce president Zhang Rongxian, enlightened gentry Liang Yuanfeng and other open four doors, to meet the resistance team into the city.On July 23, Wang Zhonghua, Gao Zhiyuan and other leading teams entered 倴 city and joined forces with Chen Yuhuan, formally declared the establishment of the third Military area of the North China Anti-japanese United Army (namely the Eastern Hebei Anti-japanese United Army), the general headquarters in 倴 Chengnan School.Later, in the name of Gao Zhiyuan, the commander in chief, Li Yunchang and Hong Linge, the deputy commander-in-chief of the Jidong Resistance Union, a proclamation was put up saying “People from all walks of life in Jidong should unite for the War of Resistance”.By the beginning of August, more than 20,000 people had joined the riot forces, forming 10 corps, one independent corps, one independent battalion and one security headquarters.In order to facilitate the unified command, the party reorganized the riot team, Chen Yuhuan was appointed as the deputy commander of the resistance, resistance commander in xinglongzhuang, 倴 city.Since then, 倴 city became the command center of the south riot team.The anti-japanese struggle in Luanan entered a difficult period after the western withdrawal of the riot troops.However, under the leadership of the party organization in eastern Hebei, the tenacious people in southern Luanhe continued to struggle under the extremely difficult situation, and the anti-japanese force continued to grow.By 1944, there were 2,916 Party members in the southern Luanhe region, and 411 villages had established grassroots party branches or groups.On July 25, 1944, the government of Feng-Luanhe United County issued the working outline of reorganizing the village regime, and the county magistrate Ma Jun issued a letter of indication for reorganizing the village regime on August 7.According to the central Committee of the COMMUNIST Party of China’s “three-three system” policy and “indicator letter” requirements, the village level of political power to clean up and rectify.Shortly after Japan announced its surrender in 1945, the Japanese puppet troops stationed at 倴 fled to Luanxian county.Luanhe south area of 7 years of Japanese puppet rule ended.In May 1946, luannan County was formally established with 倴 city as the center.Luanan people are brave and indomitable people, in the war of Resistance against Japan, they were not afraid of the strong enemy, tenacious struggle, many people for the victory of the revolution, blood sacrifice, life struggle.In the war of liberation, the people of Luannan actively supported the front lines and joined the army to participate in the war, contributing to the establishment of new China.Luanhe south Yao Wangzhuang Qinghe vegetables wholesale market bagging vegetables